Mircea Vulcănescu – Great Romanian Scholar

© www.paginiromanesti.ca – Mircea Vulcanescu – Romanian Scholar

Mircea Vulcănescu was born on 3rd of March 1904 in Bucharest. In 1921, he began his superior studies at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters from Bucharest, and also at the Faculty of Law.

Deeply impressed by his professors, Romanian personalities like Nae Ionescu or Dimitrie Gusti, Mircea was a splendid student, wrote several works on philoshopy and sociology (works talking about the theory of knowledge, a project about existentialism), published Christian articles in Christian Students’ Association in Romania magazine and cultural articles in popular magazines as “Cuvântul”, “Criterion”,  “Familia” etc. In 1923, he decided to go to the Military School from Bucharest, where he was honoured with the rank of Second Lieutenant. After finishing his studies, he went to Paris for doctoral studies but he did not manage to stay there due to political changes of the time.

From 1935 to 1937, he was general director of Romanian Customs, and then director of Public Debt Department inside Ministry of Finance. He continued to have important positions as director of Autonomous House of Financing and Amortization, president of Autonomous House of National Defence Fund or undersecretary at Ministry of Finance. His entire career was honoured with many important national distinctions and orders, received from King Carol II or King Mihai I, as a recognition of all his efforts to improve the Romanian system. Passionate about sociology, philosophy, law, poetry, culture, religion and economics, he was also a speaker par excellence (giving lectures on different subjects from Romanian traditional village to Romanian philosophical existence), professor of economics and legal sciences and a strong negotiator for Romania during the World War II.

After 23rd of August 1944 coup, Mircea Vulcănescu was accused of being a war criminal and, after a 2 year process, he was sent to jail. His personality and his erudition brought him the hardest tortures in prison. Often, he was obliged to sleep in a cold prison cell directly on the concrete floor. A cell mate fainting one night, Mircea made a sacrifice and turned into a human sleeping pad for him, gesture that saved the life of his mate. But with a serious illness of lungs, Mircea’s death came quickly, in October 1952.

From 1992, an important highschool from Bucharest bear the name of the great Romanian scholar, being an institution specialized on technological and economic areas. Mircea’s house has become a historical monument as it was the place where the Romanian personality, his family and, in after years, his friends like Constantin Noica or Mircea Eliade lived. The house may be found on 16A Popa Soare Street in Bucharest.

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