Mihai Eminescu – The Greatest Romanian Poet

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      On 15th of January 1850, the one who would become the greatest Romanian poet of all times was born in a blessed place, Botoşani (North Moldavia, one of the Romanian main provinces). Years ago, it was revealed his birth certificate, where the date of birth is registered as 22nd of December 1849. Born in a big family (father: Gheorghe Eminovici – tax collector serving the old gentry, mother: Raluca Juraşcu – passed away when the poet was aged 26, and other 10 children: 6 boys and 4 girls), Mihai, who adopted the name “Eminescu”, spent his early years in Botoşani or Ipoteşti, in a deep communion with people and nature, fact that will be so frequently found in his future poetry. He studied 3 years at the National Hauptschule (German gymnasium) in Cernăuţi, where he had been taught Romanian language by teacher Aron Pumnul. He was the only school mentor Eminescu appreciated, therefore his first published poesy was about Aron Pumnul (poesy published in a brocchure after teacher’s death in 1866). After this, he managed to publish more of his creations in different publications like “Familia”, “Albina”, “Convorbiri literare” (run by Titu Maiorescu, Romanian academician, philosopher, writer and literary critic). Despite his big grades (especially at Romanian language and literature), he abandoned school, joined a theater group, and then worked as copier and theater prompter. Since 1869, he studied law and philosophy in Vienna (where he met the woman of his life, Veronica Micle, who did not respond as Eminescu wished) and starting 1872, in Berlin where he was very appreciated. With financial support which never truly helped, Eminescu was always found reading, writing and thinking deeply and philosophically about life. Back to his beloved country, he continued to create and started working as librarian, professor, literary inspector, editor and, finally, director of the Central Library. Unfortunately, his arduousness in everything, the endless family problems and his misery brought him psychic and physical illness. His life ended early, on 15th of June 1889, after years of dedication to philosophy, love, ideals and people.

      During his short life, he translated important theses from German, undertook publishing activity untiringly and, the most important, he wrote poetry, dramaturgy, parts from a novel, short tales and one fairy tale (with characters from Romanian folklore stories). His latest years found him in the capital of Romania, Bucharest, where he wrote his most sublime poem, “Luceafărul” (The Evening Star). Considering his thinking about creation, he saw the understading of art as a far-reaching paradise. The everlasting creation is the antithesis of human transcience, the essence of poetry.

     The memorial house “Mihai Eminescu” is located in Ipoteşti, Botoşani county, one of the places where the poet spent his childhood. Near the memorial house, there can be found the old church which houses 4 tombs of the Eminovici family (the parents and 2 brothers of Eminescu). These 2 buildings form the National Centre of Studies “Mihai Eminescu” –  “Ipoteşti” Memorial.

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